Bankruptcy is a status of a person when he cannot repay his debts. Bankruptcy is initiated by the debtor but is imposed by a court order. It is not only the legal status of an insolvent person that is the reason it is not only similar to insolvency. It is applied in broader way to the procedure of formal insolvency. If you are filling the case of bankruptcy then you should be aware of all the things. That what types of bankruptcy you should fill? What is their work? What things are involved? So you should be aware of everything before filing any type of bankruptcy it is advisable to consult a lawyer. He can judge your condition in a much better way. As the lawyers has the experience of many years and solved many cases of same type.
There are two types of bankruptcy filings:
- Chapter 7
- Chapter 13
Chapter 7 is a type of bankruptcy which is available for individuals. It is also known as the liquidation or straight bankruptcy. Usually a trustee is appointed by the bankruptcy court who administers the bankruptcy. The key function of the individual who is filling bankruptcy is to keep all the types of household goods and also other things can also be retain with him until the amount is not equal to the amount which he have to take from the other person. In this type of bankruptcy an individual is allowed to keep his car and the other items and also have to pay all the car insurance and the house mortgage. This type of bankruptcy lasts about four to six months. Most of the debt is extinguished at the end of the bankruptcy. The main motive of filling this type of bankruptcy is that the person is trying to free himself from the debts by keeping his house and other things as he does not have the other way to repay. And this is also the advantage because the person can be free from the debts by these types of bankruptcy.
Chapter 13 is another type of bankruptcy which is available for individuals. This type of bankruptcy is also to pay the debts but it is different from the chapter 7 as it is not repay through the liquidation of the debtor’s assets. You can keep your assets with you while working out a repayment plan. The bankruptcy court appoints a trustee who works with all i.e. the debtor, the creditor and the court itself. This type of bankruptcy usually lasts up to three to five years. During the repayment process debtor is not allowed to sell any of his assets without permission or cannot take any other debt. But the chapter 13 can be converted to chapter 7 if it is required or depend on the creditor. Read here to get more information about bankruptcy.